Adamu Ciroma was born on 20th November 1934 in Potiskum, Yobe state. He was a newspaper administrator and governor of Central Bank of Nigeria.
In 1978, he joined the National Party Of Nigeria(NPN), he contested and lost the party's presidential primary election and later became the party's national secretary and subsequently served as Ministers for Industries, Agriculture and Finance under the Shehu Shagari administration.
In 1998, Ciroma returned to limelight when he teamed up with other prominent Nigerians to form what is today known as Peoples Democratic Party(PDP). The party won the 1999 presidential election and Ciroma once again was appointed Minister for Finance under the Olusegun Obasanjo presidency.
Adamu Ciroma's current role is the aftermath of the death of Umuaru Yar'Adua while in office. Yar'Adua, going by the PDP zoning policy, was serving the northern slot which would have terminated in 2015. On his death, his deputy, Goodluck Jonathan was sworn in as President.
When Jonathan insisted on contesting the 2011 presidential elections on PDP platform, against the expectation of key northern political leaders, Ciroma and others gathered under the aegis of Northern Political Leadership Forum(NPLF) to agitate for an exclusive northern presidential candidature in 2011. To give effect to this, a selection committee was inaugurated to screen and appoint a consensus candidate from the four northern presidential aspirants in PDP. Ciroma is the committee's head.
This role and its successful completion which saw former Vice-president Atiku Abubakar's emergence, according to observers, have entrusted the leaderhip of the north, which have remained unfilled since the death of Ahmadu Bello, Sarduana of Sokoto and undisputable leader of the North in his lifetime, on Adamu Ciroma.